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The Cathedral of St. Vitus


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Charles bridge
Old Town Square
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Orloj - the clock of the Town Hall
The Cathedral of St. Vitus
National Museum
Wenceslas Square
The Prague Castle
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The Cathedral of St. Vitus, Charles Bridge and the Gunpowder Tower are the most important landmarks of Prague. The cathedral is located in the narrow court of the castle so it seems even greater. The gargoyles staring at us create mystical and weird feeling. The cathedral has 24 side-chapels. You can enter through the main entrance located in the second court or through the Golden Gate located in the third court. The Golden Gate is open only during ceremonial occasions.

It was the French architect Matthias of Arras who started building it in 1344 by order of the Czech king John of Luxemburg. Later after the death of the master Peter Parler continued with the work. Last time it was modified by artists and architects in the 19th and 20th century. If you start walking on the right hand side of the main entrance you can admire the neo-gothic, renaissance and religious masterpieces.

The Chapel of St. Ludmila: St. Ludmila who lived in the a 9th century was the widow of lord Borivoj. She was the first woman martyr in Bohemia who was strangled when she was praying.

The Chapel of St. Wenceslas: The walls of the chapel are decorated with biblical scenes and with murals presenting the life of St. Wenceslas. These pictures are complemented with gold and semi-precious stones.

Crypt: Walking down the stairs you can get to the crypt where Charles IV and his four wives lie. Not only royal tombs but the remains of the rotunda and the basilica can also be found here.

Royal oratorio: It was built in late gothic style of the 15th century.

Mausoleum of St. John Nepomuk: It was made of silver in 1736 in honour of St. John Nepomuk the most significant martyr of the counter-reformation.

Presbytery: This gothic-style presbytery with a very high headroom was built in 1372.

Royal mausoleum: Here lies Ferdinand I, his wife and their son Maximilian

Alfonse Mucha's window: The window was made by one of the well known Czech artists of the 20th century.



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